A small rocky island Fidra lies 300m off the beach at Yellowcraig. Robert Louis Stevenson often visited the beaches as a child and it is said to have been the inspiration for Treasure Island, as well as being described in his novel Catriona. The lighthouse was built in 1885 by David and Thomas Stevenson and has been automated since 1970 (The light flashes 4 times every 30 seconds)
The name is believed to be from Old Norse (feather island) and the island is home to a large colony of puffins and designated reserve owned by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB). The colony can be viewed online from a webcam at the Scottish Seabird Centre in North Berwick and on its website.
Also on the island are ruins of an old chapel, or lazaretto for the sick, which was dedicated in 1165 to St. Nicholas. The de Vaux family built a stronghold, known as Tarbet Castle, on the island, but it was later gifted to the monks of Dryburgh Abbey in 1220 by William de Vaux gifted Fidra.
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